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Anglais - synthèse Mythes et Héros

Publié le 22/05/2020

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« 1 / 2 SYNTHÈSE MYTHS AND HEROES Everyday, each one of us is confronted to myths and heroes.

We see them in the news, in cartoons, we study them at school… It’s a part of our daily life.

But what’s really a myth ? Or a hero ? The definitions are manifold. A myth can be an ancient story about gods, heroes and magic, like in Antiquity.

But it also can be a popular belief or tradition, embodying the ideals of a society, Santa Claus for example.

It can be an unfounded or false notion.

And, finally, a myth can be a theme or character type embodying an idea. A hero now.

We all now the superheroes, like superman, but there are other kind of heroes, like a mythological or legendary figure, often endowed with great strength or ability, like Hercules.

It can be a real person too, like a person admired for his/her achievements, his/her qualities, or an object of extreme admiration, like an icon or a role model.

It can also be a character in a novel or a movie. So, there are a lot of heroes in this world.

But are heroes only extraordinary people ? To think out this question, we’ve studied several documents ; -a painting by Ben Turnbull, entitled Hero 2, which is a reference to the firemen’s behaviour on the 9/11 -an extract of « A change of heart », a novel written by Jeffrey Archer and published in 2000.

It deals with racism in South Africa -an extract of « The fallen curtain and other stories », a collection of Ruth Rendell psychologically chilling murder mysteries, published in 1976.

This extract, entitled « The fallen woman » is about a young man who become an unwilling hero. We also studied people like Barack Obama or Martin Luther King Junior.

That’s the one I’ve chosen to develop. Born in January 15 th 1929, Martin Luther King was a Baptist minister, like his father, and he became a civil rights activist early in his career.

In 1955, he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and, in 1957, he helped founding the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).

With the SCLC, he led a non-violent protest against segregation that attracted national attention.

King also helped to organize the 1963 march on Washington, where he delivered his “I have a dream” speech.

There, he established his reputation as the one of the greatest orators in American history.

He created the African-American Civil Rights Movement and strongly contributed to the Civil Rights Act, voted in 1964 and prohibiting all forms of racial segregation, and to the Voting Rights Act in 1965.

On October 14 th 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality through non-violence.

He was the youngest man who ever received this award.

In the final year of his life, King expanded his focus to include poverty and the Vietnam War. Martin Luther King was assassinated on April 4 th 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee.

His death was followed by many manifestations in several US cities.

King was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal after his death.

A Martin Luther King Jr day was established as a US federal holiday in 1986.

Hundreds of streets have been renamed in his honnor. After all that he has done, Martin Luther King can be considered as a real hero.

He used non violent resistance to repair some injustice, and never got tired of tying to end segregation laws, laws that prevented blacks from entering in certain places like restaurants, hotels, public schools… He did all he could to let everybody know that “all men are created equal” in a way, he captured the hoes and dreams of an entire generation, and he fought for all those people who couldn’t fight for themselves.

Without him, maybe black children couldn’t be able to go to public school like every other children, and maybe the seats on the buses would still be reserved for white people only.

So maybe Martin Luther King didn’t have superpowers, but he had a dream, a dream that cost him his life.

But his dream didn’t die with him; many believed it came true in 2008 when Obama became the first black president in American history.

Today, fifty years after his famous speech, Martin Luther King is still admired for his achievement and he stays a model of courage.

He showed us that we have to fight for our dreams, no matter what. 2 / 2. »

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